We believe the Bible teaches that God is and God will be the Judge of all people through Jesus Christ.1 God is perfectly righteous and just in all of His judgments, taking into account all of the thoughts, words, actions, and secrets of the heart of every person.2 God’s final judgment will not involve wrath or condemnation for those who are in union with Christ Jesus, because God already condemned our sin in Jesus as our Substitute by His death on the cross.3 God’s merciful judgment of believers in Christ will confirm our faith and result in eternal reward from God the Father, according to how we have lived in faith and hope toward God in Christ and love for Him and other human beings.4 When we who are in union with Christ Jesus die physically, our souls enter into God’s presence and are graciously received by Him, perfected and set free from the presence and power of sin, and united with others who have died in Christ, awaiting together the resurrection of our bodies.5 The soul of every person who does not hope in God through faith in Jesus Christ continues in unrighteousness forever.6 Ultimately, our risen Lord Jesus Christ will come again – personally and visibly – in great power and glory.7 He will raise the bodies of all people, reuniting bodies with souls, and He will reveal fully God's good, righteous, and everlasting judgment.8 The unbelieving and unrighteous will bear for themselves God's judgment of condemnation and wrath, involving darkness and destruction, fire and misery, and separation from God and His grace forever.9 All who are in union with Jesus Christ will inherit the new heavens and new earth, where we will reside in God’s presence and share in fellowship with Him and His people, joyfully worshipping and serving God in the fullness of His grace and glory forevermore.10
1 On God's present work of judgment within human history: Ps. 9:7-8; Rom 1:18; 1 Cor. 11:29-33; 1 Pet. 4:17. On God's appointed Day of final judgment: Matt. 7:22-23 and 12:36; Acts 17:31; Rom. 2:16 and 14:10; 2 Cor. 5:10; James 4:12; Rev 20:11-15.
2 On God's judgment being altogether righteous and just, see: Matt. 12:36 and Matt 25:31-46; Rom. 2:1-16; 1 Cor. 4:5; 2 Cor. 5:10; Rev. 20:11-15.
3 Jesus’s death on the cross as our perfect and perfectly satisfactory Substitute – His perfectly righteous life given on behalf of and in the place of true believers – is fundamental to an historically orthodox Christian understanding of the Biblical Gospel. On God's judgment involving "no condemnation" for believers, see: Rom. 3:21-28, 5:1, 8:1-3, and 8:33-34; Gal. 2:16, 3:11, and 3:13; Eph. 2:8; Tit. 3:7. Note: Believers have been forever counted righteous (justified) by God’s grace through faith in Jesus Christ. Justification is the opposite of condemnation.
4 On God's judgment involving reward for believers: Matt. 5:12; 6:4, 6, and 18; 10:41-42; and 25:21 and 23; Luke 19:17; 2 Cor. 5:10.
5 On believers being "with the Lord" immediately after death: Luke 23:43; 2 Cor. 5:8; Phil. 1:23; Heb. 12:23.
6 On the continued existence of the unrighteous: Luke 16:22-24; 2 Pet. 2:4.
7 On Jesus's coming again: Matt. 25:31; Mark 8:38; Luke 9:26; Acts 1:11; 1 Thess. 4:15-17; Rev. 1:7.
8 On the bodily resurrection of all people and final revelation of God's judgment: John 5:28-29; Rom. 8:18-25; 1 Cor. 15:12-58; Phil. 3:20-21; 2 Pet. 3:7-13.
9 On the eternal state of the unrighteous: Matt. 8:12, 13:50, 22:13, and 25:30; Mark 9:43; Luke 3:17 and 13:28; John 5:29; 2 Thess. 1:6-10; Rev. 20:11-15.
10 On the eternal state of the righteous: Matt. 13:43 and 25:30 and 46; John 14:2-3; Eph. 2:7; 1 Thess. 4:17; Titus 2:13; 2 Pet. 3:13; Rev. 20:11-22:5.